MV Dali is a Neopanamax container ship built in 2015 by Hyundai Heavy Industries, South Korea. On 26 March 2024, by then operated by Synergy Marine of Singapore, she collided with the Francis Scott Key Bridge in Baltimore, Maryland, United States, causing a catastrophic structural failure of the bridge.

Dali in the Port of Rotterdam in 2018
History
NameDali
NamesakeSalvador Dalí[5]
Owner
  • Stellar Marine LLC (2015–2016)[1]
  • Grace Ocean Pte. Ltd. (2016–present)[3]
Operator
  • Maersk (charterer)
  • Oceanbulk Container Management (2015–2016)[1]
  • Synergy Marine Pte. Ltd. (2016–present)[1]
Port of registry
Ordered14 May 2013[4]
BuilderHyundai Heavy Industries (Ulsan, South Korea)[2]
Yard number2678[2]
Laid down10 October 2014[2]
Launched27 December 2014[2]
Christened5 January 2015[5]
Completed5 March 2015[2]
Identification
StatusGrounded in the Patapsco River after striking a bridge.
General characteristics
Class and typeNeopanamax container ship
Tonnage
  • 95,128 GT
  • 52,150 NT
  • 116,851 DWT
Displacement148,984 t (146,631 long tons)[4]
Length299.92 m (984 ft)
Beam48.2 m (158 ft 2 in)
Draught15.03 m (49 ft 4 in)
Depth24.8 m (81 ft 4 in)
Installed powerMAN-B&W 9S90ME-C9.2; 41,480 kW (55,630 hp)
PropulsionSingle shaft; fixed pitch propeller
Speed22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph)
Capacity9,971 TEU

Description edit

Dali is a Neopanamax container ship[6] with a length overall of 299.92 metres (984 ft), beam of 48.2 metres (158 ft 2 in), moulded depth of 24.8 metres (81 ft 4 in), and summer draft of 15.03 metres (49 ft 4 in). Her gross and net tonnages are 91,128 and 52,150, respectively, and her deadweight tonnage is 116,851 tonnes. Her container capacity is 9,971 twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU).[2]

Dali is propelled by a single low-speed two-stroke crosshead diesel engine coupled to a fixed-pitch propeller. Her main engine, a 9-cylinder MAN-B&W 9S90ME-C9.2[7] unit manufactured by Hyundai Heavy Industries under license, is rated 41,480 kW (55,630 hp) at 82.5 rpm.[2] Her service speed is 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph).[5] For maneuvering, Dali has a single 3,000 kW (4,000 hp) bow thruster. Electricity is generated onboard by two 3,840 kW (5,150 hp) and two 4,400 kW (5,900 hp) auxiliary diesel generators.[4]

Construction edit

On 14 May 2013,[4] Hyundai Heavy Industries was contracted to build two container ships based on the "Hyundai 9000 wide beam" design that was modified by relocating the wheelhouse from three-quarters aft to a more forward position to increase the container capacity from 9,034 to 9,962 TEU.[6] A further two similar ships were ordered for CMA CGM and four for Maersk later in 2013.[4]

The construction began in Ulsan, South Korea, in July 2014 and the hull with the yard number 2678 was laid down on 10 October 2014 and launched on 27 December of the same year.[2] On 5 January 2015, Dali and her sister ship Cezanne were named for painters Salvador Dalí and Paul Cézanne.[5]

Service edit

Dali was delivered to Stellar Marine LLC, a subsidiary of the Greek shipowner Oceanbulk Maritime SA, on 5 March 2015 and registered in Majuro, Marshall Islands. In October 2016, she was sold to Grace Ocean Pte. Ltd. and placed under the management of Synergy Marine Pte. Ltd., both based in Singapore where the ship was also reflagged.[1] The ship has been chartered to the Danish shipping and logistics company Maersk since it was delivered in 2015.[6]

While in the port of San Antonio, Chile, in June 2023, port state control inspection revealed a single deficiency related to "gauges, thermometers etc." in the ship's machinery, subsequently clarified as a monitor gauge for fuel pressure which was rectified prior to departure.[8] The ship was not detained, and at the follow-up inspection in the United States, three months later, no problems were identified.[1][4][9]

Incidents edit

Port of Antwerp 2016 edit

On 11 July 2016, Dali collided with the berth at the container terminal in the Port of Antwerp, Belgium, causing significant damage to her stern and transom.[10] The berth was also damaged and closed for cargo handling operations. No injuries or water pollution were reported.[11]

Francis Scott Key Bridge 2024 edit

 
Dali with bridge wreckage across her bow
 
Dali's size, though considered large, is less than that of the largest container ship.[12]

On 26 March 2024, Dali departed the Port of Baltimore in the United States, bound for Colombo, Sri Lanka, while under charter to Maersk,[3] with a crew of 22[13] and two pilots.[14] Shortly after leaving the port, the ship lost power, but was able to broadcast a mayday call.[15] Soon afterwards, she collided with a support pillar of the Francis Scott Key Bridge, causing the major part of the bridge to collapse, with one span falling onto the ship's forecastle.[16][17] None of the 24 on board were seriously injured. All moving traffic had left the bridge, but six construction workers died.[18][19][20] The National Transportation Safety Board is conducting the investigation of the data recorder and interviewing the crew. There are 56 containers on board with 764 tons of hazardous materials,[21] among the total load of nearly 4,700 shipping containers.[22]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Dali (9697426)". Equasis. Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy. Retrieved 27 March 2024.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Dali (159208)". Register of Ships. Nippon Kaiji Kyokai. Retrieved 26 March 2024.
  3. ^ a b "Who are Synergy Marine Group, the company that manages the ship responsible for Baltimore bridge collapse?". en.as.com. 26 March 2024. Archived from the original on 26 March 2024. Retrieved 26 March 2024.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Dali (9697428)". Sea-web. S&P Global. Retrieved 27 March 2024.
  5. ^ a b c d "HHI Names Two Containerships for New Year". maritime-executive.com. 5 January 2015. Archived from the original on 4 April 2024. Retrieved 26 March 2024.
  6. ^ a b c "9,962-TEU wide beamed Jenny Box joins Maersk's China-India service". www.aseanlines.com. 6 August 2015. Archived from the original on 27 March 2024. Retrieved 26 March 2024.
  7. ^ "Marine MAN Ltd – DALI (Container ship)". ships.jobmarineman.com. Archived from the original on 4 April 2024. Retrieved 26 March 2024.
  8. ^ "Baltimore bridge collapse: Singapore-flagged ship passed foreign port inspections, says MPA". Channel News Asia. 27 March 2024. Archived from the original on 29 March 2024. Retrieved 27 March 2024.
  9. ^ Jara A., Ramón (26 March 2024). "Barco que derribó puente de Baltimore fue inspeccionado en Chile, donde se le detectaron "deficiencias"" [Ship that demolished the Baltimore bridge was inspected in Chile, where "deficiencies" were detected]. Emol (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 27 March 2024. Retrieved 27 March 2024. De acuerdo con el Sistema Electrónico de Información de Calidad del Envío (Equasis), el buque "Dali" fue revisado en junio de 2023 en el puerto de San Antonio. [According to the Electronic Shipping Quality Information System (Equasis), the "Dali" vessel was inspected in June 2023 at the port of San Antonio.]
  10. ^ "VIDEO: Mega container ship Dali Allided with berth at Port of Antwerp". www.vesselfinder.com. 14 July 2016. Archived from the original on 26 March 2024. Retrieved 26 March 2024.
  11. ^ "Cargo ship that hit Baltimore bridge was involved in Antwerp collision in 2016". www.theguardian.com. 26 March 2024. Archived from the original on 26 March 2024. Retrieved 26 March 2024.
  12. ^ Koeze, Ella (28 March 2024). "The Dali Is a Big Ship. But Not the Biggest". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 30 March 2024. Source credits: "Sources: "The Geography of Transport Systems," by Jean-Paul Rodrigue; VesselFinder; the Empire State Building; the Eiffel Tower; ShipHub; Maryland Port Administration".
  13. ^ "Baltimore Bridge Collapse". www.npr.org. 26 March 2024. Archived from the original on 26 March 2024. Retrieved 26 March 2024.
  14. ^ "What we know about the container ship that crashed into the Baltimore bridge". www.businessinsider.com. 26 March 2024. Archived from the original on 26 March 2024. Retrieved 26 March 2024.
  15. ^ "Live Updates: 6 People Are Missing in Baltimore Bridge Collapse". The New York Times. 26 March 2024. Archived from the original on 27 March 2024. Retrieved 26 March 2024.
  16. ^ Yoon, John (26 March 2024). "Cargo Ship Hits Key Bridge in Baltimore, Triggering Partial Collapse". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 26 March 2024. Retrieved 26 March 2024.
  17. ^ "Part of Francis Scott Key Bridge in Baltimore collapses after being hit by large ship; cars in water". CBS News. 26 March 2024. Archived from the original on 26 March 2024. Retrieved 26 March 2024.
  18. ^ Jester, Julia; Smith, Patrick; Siemaszko, Corky; Helsel, Phil (26 March 2024). "6 workers presumed dead after cargo ship crash levels Baltimore bridge, company says". NBC News. Archived from the original on 26 March 2024. Retrieved 26 March 2024.
  19. ^ Loh, Matthew; Syme, Pete; Friel, Mikhaila; Jankowicz, Mia; and Thompson, Polly (26 March 2024). "What we know about the container ship that crashed into the Baltimore bridge". Business Insider. Archived from the original on 26 March 2024. Retrieved 26 March 2024.
  20. ^ Plambeck, Sean (26 March 2024). "Coast Guard Ends Search for 6 Missing in Bridge Disaster". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 27 March 2024. Retrieved 26 March 2024.
  21. ^ Cox, Erin; Jouvenal, Justin; Nguyen, Danny; hermann, Peter; Hilton, Jasmine (27 March 2024). "Baltimore bridge collapse recovery team finds victims' likely vehicles". The Washington Post. Retrieved 29 March 2024.
  22. ^ Perry, Nick (28 March 2024). "What to know about the cargo ship Dali, a mid-sized ocean monster that took down a Baltimore bridge". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 28 March 2024. Retrieved 28 March 2024.

External links edit