African Christian Democratic Party

The African Christian Democratic Party (ACDP) is a South African political party founded in 1993. It is a conservative Christian party based on Biblical principles.[1] The leader of the party is Kenneth Meshoe.[2]

African Christian Democratic Party
AbbreviationACDP
PresidentKenneth Meshoe
Founded9 December 1993 (1993-12-09)
HeadquartersAlberton, Gauteng
IdeologyChristian right
Social conservatism
Political positionCentre-right to right-wing
ReligionChristianity
National affiliationMulti-Party Charter (MPC)
Continental affiliationDemocrat Union of Africa
Colours  Red   Turquoise
National Assembly seats
4 / 400
Provincial Legislatures
3 / 430
Cape Town City Council
6 / 231
Website
www.acdp.org.za

Following the 2016 municipal elections, the ACDP joined with the much larger Democratic Alliance (DA) and several other smaller parties to form coalition governments in Nelson Mandela Bay, Johannesburg and Tshwane.

As of 2019, the ACDP has four members in the South African Parliament, and one member each in the provincial legislatures of Western Cape, KwaZulu-Natal and Gauteng.[3] It also has 22 municipal councillors across the country.[4]

Policy

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The party's 2019 manifesto focused on seven social challenges, under the slogan "Unite - Build - Grow": employment, economic growth, education, health, safety & security, good governance and property rights & rural development.[5]

The party seeks to apply Biblical principles "to build a better South Africa." Its platform is based on "the biblical standard of reconciliation, justice, compassion, tolerance, peace and the sanctity of life, the individual, the family and community."[6]

It is anti-abortion[7] and supports the death penalty[8] for certain heinous crimes.[9]

The ACDP was the only party to vote against the adoption of the final version of the South African Constitution, for reason that it enshrined the right to elective abortion and the specific protection of sexual orientation.

Its 2000 manifesto opposed the promotion of condoms and safe sex as a way of preventing HIV transmission: "The ACDP feel strongly that the condom campaign must be abandoned and that abstinence and faithfulness in marriage must be promoted." The party supports an abstinence-only policy.[citation needed]

The party opposed the provision of the Criminal Law (Sexual Offences and Related Matters) Amendment Act, 2007 which reduced the homosexual age of consent from 19 to 16, making it equal to the heterosexual age of consent.[10]

History

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According to newspaper reports at the time, the ACDP was founded on 9 December 1993.[11] The party claims on its web site, however, that it was founded on 16 or 17 January 1994 (i.e. exactly one hundred days before South Africa's 1994 national elections).[12] This is because the party's first official congress took place 100 days before the elections.[13] The party's original manifesto included Christian norms, religious freedom, a freemarket system, and human rights under a federal governmental system.[14]

Election results

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In its first election, the ACDP secured two seats in the national government. This made the ACDP the smallest of the seven parties in the national government of 1994. They also secured three seats in the provincial government. A year later, the ACDP won three seats in local government elections. From 1994 to 1999, four councillors from other political parties crossed the floor to join the ACDP.

In 1999, the ACDP won seven seats to become the sixth-largest party in Parliament. The party also won its first seat on the National Council of Provinces. On the provincial level, the party won four seats. A year later, the ACDP won 70 seats in the local government elections.

In 2004, the ACDP won 1.6% of the votes at national level[15] and 1.59% of the votes at provincial level.[3] They were now the seventh largest party, with seven seats in the National Assembly and eight seats at provincial level.[16]

The party lost 50% of its support in the 2009 elections and continued to lose support in the 2014 elections, where it won three seats to slip to the ninth-largest party, as well as one provincial seat in the Western Cape.

In 2019, the party secured its best result since 2004, winning 0.84% of the votes at the national level.[17] It became the sixth-largest party, with four seats in the National Assembly and three provincial seats: one each in Western Cape, Kwazulu-Natal and Gauteng.[3]

National elections

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Election[18] Total votes Share of vote Seats +/– Government
1994 88,104 0.45%
2 / 400
in opposition
1999 228,975 1.43%
6 / 400
  4 in opposition
2004 250,272 1.60%
7 / 400
  1 in opposition
2009 142,658 0.81%
3 / 400
  4 in opposition
2014 104,039 0.57%
3 / 400
  ±0 in opposition
2019 146,262 0.84%
4 / 400
  1 in opposition
2024 96,575 [Note 1]0.60%
3 / 400
  1 in opposition
  1. ^ From 2024, seats in the National Assembly are determined by a combination of the national ballot, and the nine regional ballots. Only the national ballot figures are shown here.

Provincial elections

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Election Eastern Cape Free State Gauteng KwaZulu-Natal Limpopo Mpumalanga North-West Northern Cape Western Cape
% Seats % Seats % Seats % Seats % Seats % Seats % Seats % Seats % Seats
1994 0.51% 0/56 0.45% 0/30 0.61% 1/86 0.67% 1/81 0.38% 0/40 0.48% 0/30 0.35% 0/30 0.40% 0/30 1.20% 1/42
1999 0.96% 0/63 0.90% 0/30 1.16% 1/73 1.81% 1/80 1.10% 1/49 1.12% 0/30 0.94% 0/33 1.53% 0/30 2.79% 1/42
2004 0.78% 0/63 1.30% 1/30 1.64% 1/73 1.78% 2/80 1.26% 1/49 1.09% 0/30 1.07% 0/33 1.88% 1/30 3.44% 2/42
2009 0.53% 0/63 0.73% 0/30 0.87% 1/73 0.68% 1/80 0.69% 0/49 0.51% 0/30 0.69% 0/33 1.00% 0/30 1.47% 1/42
2014 0.33% 0/63 0.51% 0/30 0.62% 0/73 0.44% 0/80 0.48% 0/49 0.40% 0/30 0.53% 0/33 0.57% 0/30 1.02% 1/42
2019 0.47% 0/63 0.42% 0/30 0.71% 1/73 0.48% 1/80 0.35% 0/49 0.51% 0/30 0.34% 0/33 0.73% 0/30 2.66% 1/42
2024[19] 0.48% 0/73 0.48% 0/30 0.74% 1/80 0.32% 0/80 0.34% 0/64 0.47% 0/51 0.45% 0/38 0.38% 0/30 1.29% 1/42

Municipal elections

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Election Votes %
1995–96 66,985 0.8%
2000 1.3%
2006 251 468 1.3%
2011 165,602 0.6%
2016[20] 124,429 0.4%
2021[21] 217,627 0.71%
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The ACDP logo symbolises the party's biblical Christian principles. The two horizontal arrows signify drawing South Africans from different view points and affiliations towards the Christian cross. The vertical arrows illustrate the directions up towards God and down towards South Africa. The red border signifies the blood of Jesus Christ.[22]

References

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  1. ^ "ACDP - Our 2019 Election Vision". Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  2. ^ "WHO'S WHO - Presidency". Archived from the original on 13 April 2004. Retrieved 18 December 2008.
  3. ^ a b c "IEC National And Provincial Election Results". Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  4. ^ "IEC Results Dashboard".
  5. ^ "2019 Manifesto". ACDP. Archived from the original on 11 May 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  6. ^ "Our Legacy". ACDP. n.d. Archived from the original on 11 May 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  7. ^ "ACDP - Issues in focus". www.acdp.org.za. Archived from the original on 13 April 2004. Retrieved 6 June 2022.
  8. ^ "ACDP - Issues in focus". www.acdp.org.za. Archived from the original on 13 April 2004. Retrieved 6 June 2022.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". www.acdp.org.za. Archived from the original on 18 January 2006. Retrieved 6 June 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "ACDP | Age of Sexual Consent". acdp.org.za. Archived from the original on 19 October 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  11. ^ "Beeld JOHANNESBURG FINAAL Vrydag 10 Desember 1993 Bl. 15: Nuwe politieke party in Jhb gestig". 152.111.1.88. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  12. ^ "ACDP | Our History". acdp.org.za. Archived from the original on 19 October 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  13. ^ "Samuel Murray - What happened on 16/17 January 1994? The... | Facebook". facebook.com. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  14. ^ "Beeld LAAT Dinsdag 14 Desember 1993 Bl. 14: Nuutgestigte ACDP behou term Christen". 152.111.1.88. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  15. ^ "Electoral Commission of South Africa (IEC)". elections.org.za. Archived from the original on 3 March 2009. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  16. ^ "Electoral Commission of South Africa (IEC)". elections.org.za. Archived from the original on 27 April 2009. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  17. ^ "IEC South Africa Results Dashboard". Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  18. ^ "Results Dashboard". www.elections.org.za. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  19. ^ "NPE Results Dashboard 2024". results.elections.org.za. Retrieved 11 June 2024.
  20. ^ "Results Summary - All Ballots" (PDF). elections.org.za. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  21. ^ "2021 Results Summary - All Ballots" (PDF). elections.org.za. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
  22. ^ "ACDP | Our Logo". acdp.org.za. Archived from the original on 19 October 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
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