Roberto Marcelo Levingston

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Roberto Marcelo Levingston Laborda (10 January 1920[1][2][3] – 17 June 2015) was an Argentine Army general who was the 42nd President of Argentina from 1970 to 1971.[4][5]

Brigadier General
Roberto Marcelo Levingston
Levingston in 1970
42nd President of Argentina
In office
18 June 1970 – 21 March 1971
Vice PresidentVacant
Preceded byJuan Carlos Onganía
Succeeded byAlejandro Agustín Lanusse
Personal details
Born(1920-01-10)10 January 1920
San Luis, Argentina
Died17 June 2015(2015-06-17) (aged 95)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Political partyIndependent
SpouseBetty Nelly Andrés
Military service
Allegiance Argentina
Branch/serviceArgentine Army
Years of service1938–1971
RankBrigadier general
CommandsArgentine Army
Battles/warsArgentine Revolution

Early life and education


Levingston was born in San Luis Province, and graduated from the Colegio Militar de la Nación in 1941.[6]

On 18 December 1943, Levingston married Betty Nelly Andrés (born 4 May 1926)[7] and had two sons and one daughter, Roberto, Maria and Alberto.


Levingston in civilian clothing

Levingston's military expertise included intelligence and counterinsurgency, and he took the presidency of Argentina on 18 June 1970, in a military coup that deposed Juan Carlos Onganía over his ineffective response to the Montoneros and other guerillas.[5] His regime was marked by a protectionist economic policy that did little to overcome the inflation and recession that the country was undergoing at the time,[4] and by the imposition of the death penalty against terrorists and kidnappers.[5] In response to renewed anti-government rioting in Córdoba and to the labor crisis under his leadership, he was deposed on 21 March 1971, by another military junta led by Alejandro Lanusse.[4][5]



He died on 17 June 2015, at the age of 95.[6] He is the longest-lived President of Argentina.[8]


  1. ^ Lentz, Harris M. (4 February 2014), Heads of States and Governments Since 1945, Routledge, ISBN 9781134264902, retrieved 13 October 2017 – via Google Books
  2. ^ Limited, Europa Publications (13 October 1990), The International Who's who: 1990-91, Europa Publications Limited, ISBN 9780946653584, retrieved 13 October 2017 – via Google Books
  3. ^ "Roberto Marcelo Levingston Laborda n. 10 Ene 1920 San Luis, San Luis, Argentina f. 17 Jun 2015 Buenos Aires, Argentina: Genealogía Familiar",, retrieved 13 October 2017
  4. ^ a b c Lewis, Daniel K. (2001), The History of Argentina, The Greenwood histories of the modern nations, Greenwood Publishing Group, pp. 134–135, ISBN 978-0-313-31256-4.
  5. ^ a b c d Keen, Benjamin; Haynes, Keith (2008), A History of Latin America (8th ed.), Cengage Learning, p. 374, ISBN 978-0-618-78318-2.
  6. ^ a b "Murió Roberto Marcelo Levingston", La Nación (in Spanish), June 18, 2015
  7. ^ "Bety Nelly Andrés Llana n. 4 May 1926 San Miguel, Bs. As., Argentina: Genealogía Familiar",, retrieved 13 October 2017
  8. ^ Félix V. Lonigro (2019-03-09). "Cincuentones, longevos o muy jóvenes: curiosidades de las edades de los presidentes argentinos" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2023-07-04.