Province of Jaén (Spain)

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Jaén (Spanish pronunciation: [xaˈen]) is a province of southern Spain, in the eastern part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is bordered by the provinces of Ciudad Real, Albacete, Granada and Córdoba. Its capital is the city of Jaén.

Jaen mountains
Jaen mountains
Flag of Jaén
Coat of arms of Jaén
Map of Spain with Jaén highlighted
Map of Spain with Jaén highlighted
Coordinates: 38°00′N 3°30′W / 38.000°N 3.500°W / 38.000; -3.500
Autonomous communityAndalusia
 • PresidentFrancisco Reyes (PSOE)
 • Total13,484 km2 (5,206 sq mi)
 • RankRanked 14th
 2.67% of Spain
 (1 July 2023)
 • Total619,938
 • RankRanked 26th
 • Density46/km2 (120/sq mi)
 1.3% of Spain
jaenero, -a
jaenés, -a
Time zoneUTC+1 (Central European Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (Central European Summer Time)
Postal code
Area code953
ISO 3166 codeES-J
Official language(s)Spanish
Congress seats5 (out of 350)
Senate seats4 (out of 250)
Parliament of Andalusia11 (out of 109)

It has a total area of 13,484 km². Its population is 619,938 as of 1 July 2023, about one sixth of whom living in the capital.[1] It contains 97 municipalities. The highest point of the province is Pico Mágina (2165 m).[2]

One of the less-known provinces of Spain, compared to the tourist-oriented coast, it has four national parks and many other protected natural areas. The province also contains two Renaissance cities, Úbeda and Baeza, both recently declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. The province has among the highest concentration of castles in the world outside the Levant, thanks to its strategic position during the Reconquista.[3][4] [5] [6] [7] [8]

The annual chess tournament, held until 2010 in Linares, attracted many of the world's best players.

View of an olive grove, at the north of Jaén.

The province is the largest producer of olive oil in the world. It produces around 45% of all Spanish olive oil and 20% of the world's production. For this reason the province is also known as World Capital of Olive Oil.[9] There are more than 66 million olive trees, spread over a surface of 550,000 hectares.[10] The province alone produces more olive oil than the entire country of Italy.[10] The province's production in 2013 was 749.387 tonnes of olive oil.





The flag of the province of Jaén was approved by the Provincial Council of Jaén, in the plenary session held on March 3, 2014, and registered in the Andalusian Registry of Local Entities, complying with Law 6/2003, of October 9 of Symbols, Processing and Registration of Andalusian Local Entities.[11][12]

The flag is arranged in a rectangular cloth with a proportion of 1/1.5, being longer than it is wide. It has an area of 10×15 sectors, with the shield being three sectors high and eight sectors wide; and occupying six sectors high and five sectors wide. The flag is green Pantone color 377, in reference to the natural heritage of the province.[13]



The historical population is given in the following chart:

See also



  1. ^ "Instituto Nacional de Estadística" (in Spanish). Retrieved August 19, 2023.
  2. ^ "Objetivo: Pico Mágina (Jaén)". (in Spanish). Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  3. ^ Ginés Donaire (2 September 2009). "Tierra de castillos y batallas". El País.
  4. ^ [Bailen el Barrio más famoso de Jaén]
  5. ^ [Ciudad Jaén]
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ [Alcalde más querido de Jaén]
  9. ^ "An Olive Oil Cultural Center And Museum in Jaén". Olive Oil Times. Retrieved 2015-10-10.
  10. ^ a b Sandro Pozzi (2 September 2016). (ed.). "Spanish olive oil lights up Times Square". Retrieved January 21, 2017.
  11. ^ Diputación de Jaén (3 March 2014). "Bandera de la Provincia". Retrieved 21 July 2015. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  12. ^ ABC (2 March 2014). "Así es la bandera de la provincia de Jaén". Retrieved 21 July 2015. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  13. ^ Diutación de Jaén (13 December 2013). "Informe sobre la identidad vexilológica de la provincia de Jaén" (PDF). Retrieved 21 July 2015. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)