Emanuel Lorenz Philipp (March 25, 1861 – June 15, 1925) was an American railroad executive and politician from Wisconsin, who served as the 23rd governor of Wisconsin from 1915 to 1921.

Emanuel L. Philipp
23rd Governor of Wisconsin
In office
January 4, 1915 – January 3, 1921
LieutenantEdward Dithmar
Preceded byFrancis E. McGovern
Succeeded byJohn J. Blaine
Personal details
Emanuel Lorenz Philipp

(1861-03-25)March 25, 1861
Honey Creek, Wisconsin, U.S.
DiedJune 15, 1925(1925-06-15) (aged 64)
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
Resting placeForest Home Cemetery
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
Political partyRepublican (Wisconsin)
SpouseBertha Schweke
Children3, including Cyrus L. Philipp
ProfessionRailroad executive

Early life


Philipp was born in Honey Creek, Sauk County, Wisconsin, the son of Sabina (née Ludwig) and Luzi Philipp.[1] He attended the common schools and worked as a railroad telegraph operator in Baraboo, Wisconsin before becoming the telegrapher and agent for the Chicago and North Western Railway in Lodi, Wisconsin.[2]



Philipp also worked for the Gould transcontinental system and as traffic manager for Schlitz Brewery Company.[3]

While he was a manager of a lumber company in Mississippi from 1894 to 1902, he founded the unincorporated community of Philipp in Tallahatchie County, Mississippi. He bought the Union Refrigerator Transit Company in St. Louis in 1903, and reorganized it as the Union Refrigerator Transit Company of Wisconsin after moving it to Milwaukee, Wisconsin.[4]

Political career


He held various political positions in Wisconsin. He served with Robert M. La Follette, Sr. as chairman of the Milwaukee County Convention, before disagreeing with him over railroad oversight.[3] From 1909-1914, he was the Milwaukee Police Commissioner.[5]

A conservative Republican, he wrote, with the help of Edgar Werlock, Political Reform in Wisconsin: A Historical Review of the Subjects of Primary Election, Taxation and Railway Regulation (1910).[6]

Governorship of Wisconsin


In 1914, Philipp was nominated for Governor of Wisconsin, and first won the 1914 Wisconsin gubernatorial election. He would go on to be reelected twice, and served as the 23rd Governor of Wisconsin from 1915-1921.[7]

During the First World War he was accused of holding divided loyalty's between the United States and the German Empire by his political opposition. Under his governorship during the war Wisconsin would see the rise of a anti-German American faction, typically referred to as "hyper patriots". He would go on and be successful in combating violent anti-German hysteria in the state.[8][9][10] After leaving office, he returned to his business pursuits. He operated two model farms and was regent of Marquette University.[2]



Philipp died on June 15, 1925, aged 64, in Milwaukee and is interred at Forest Home Cemetery in Milwaukee.[11][12]

Family life


Philipp married Bertha Schweke in 1887, and they had three children. Their son Cyrus L. Philipp served as the Chairman of the Republican Party of Wisconsin.[13]


  1. ^ "Wisconsin Historical Society-Emanuel Philipp". Archived from the original on 2012-11-05. Retrieved 2009-09-16.
  2. ^ a b Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration, and Herman, Jennifer L. (2008). Wisconsin Encyclopedia. North American Book Dist LLC. p. 220. ISBN 9781878592613.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ a b Hannan, Caryn (2008). Wisconsin Biographical Dictionary (2008-2009 ed.). Hamburg, Mich.: State History Publications. p. 317. ISBN 9781878592637.
  4. ^ Wisconsin History
  5. ^ "Milwaukee Fire and Police Commission 125th Anniversary Report" (PDF). Milwaukee Fire and Police Commission. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  6. ^ Emanuel L. Philipp. Political Reform in Wisconsin. Milwaukee, Wis.: Author, 1910.
  7. ^ Industrial Commission (1917). State of Wisconsin Blue Book. Industrial Commission. p. 499. emanuel l phillip Honey Creek wi.
  8. ^ Wisconsin Blue Book 2003-2004, "Political Composition of the Wisconsin Legislature 1885-2003," p. 260.
  9. ^ Sperling, Hayley (2018-08-27). "The Rise Of Wisconsin's 'Hyper-Patriots' During World War I". WisContext. Retrieved 2024-02-20.
  10. ^ "Philipp, Emanuel Lorenz 1861 - 1925". Wisconsin Historical Society. 2017-08-08. Retrieved 2024-02-20.
  11. ^ "Historical People". Forest Home Cemetery. Archived from the original on April 3, 2016. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  12. ^ "Emanuel L. Philipp | Newspaper Article/Clipping". Wisconsin Historical Society. 2012-01-01. Retrieved 2024-02-20.
  13. ^ Cyrus Philipp papers
Party political offices
Preceded by Republican nominee for Governor of Wisconsin
1914, 1916, 1918
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Governor of Wisconsin
Succeeded by